A few basics which you must know about your PC

There are certain basic things which i don’t want to repeat in my every blog post.

That’s why in this post i am sharing the very basic things which you must know about your windows computer.

If you are a complete newbie in computers, then this post can be very helpful for you.

If you are an advanced user then maybe this will be way too basic for you to read.

But still there’s no harm to go through the article. So lets begin ..

1) Microsoft Configuration (msconfig)

The very first thing which i would like to tell you is about Microsoft Configuration (msconfig). This is a small utility in Microsoft Windows which helps us to troubleshoot the windows start up process. It can help us to change the boot parameters, the start up services as well as the start up programs. Changing the start up services and programs can help us to increase the windows start up speed.

Below i have added the images of all the tabs in msconfig utility. The five images below refer to general tab, boot tab, services tab, start up tab, and tools respectively.

How to Access Microsoft Configuration (msconfig) ?

  • If you are using XP, open start menu > run > type msconfig > press enter.
  • If you are using Windows 7, open start menu > type msconfig > press enter.

2) Windows Registry (regedit)

Windows registry is a database in your windows computer. The primary purpose of Windows Registry is to store all the windows configuration inside it. It was first introduced with Windows 3.1. You can read more about windows registry at the Wikipedia. Editing the windows registry can help us to tweak our computer, or fix certain problems. But if you mess up anything important over here then it can cause your system to malfunction.

Note that some people are under the impression that deleting Registry Keys (which are basically folders in hierarchy) can help to speed up their PC. And this is totally wrong. Deleting the ‘unnecessary’ keys can help to speed up to some extent. However there are many keys which configure your operating system. Deleting any of the important keys can cause serious problems to your operating system. I recommend not to mess with your registry unless you know what you are doing.

How to access Registry Editor (regedit) ?

  • If you are using XP, open start menu > run > type regedit > press enter.
  • If you are using Windows 7, open start menu > type regedit > press enter.

3) Computer Specifications

I have seen most people not knowing about their computer specifications. They come to me with their computer problems and when i ask them about their computer specifications they just give me some dumb answers. For example, most individuals reply like ‘i have a pink one or black one’, ‘i have a dell laptop’, etc etc.

System specifications can be defined as a list of all the components of your system like The Processor, RAM, Graphic cards, Display, Keyboard, Mouse, Camera, Operating System, Speakers, etc. By specifications I do not mean just the names of your components, but also the value or version of your component. For example i can share my computer specifications as follows 2nd generation core i7 processor, 6 gb RAM, 2GB Nvidia GT 540 Graphic card, Backlit keyboard, USB Optical Mouse, 2mp webcam, etc etc.

Even if you are not much into computers, you must always know about your system specifications. Because if someone asks you about your computer specs and you just turn your face blank and reply ‘a pink one’. The other person is gonna make fun of you.

Your system specifications can be found by going to : Right click on My Computer > Choose properties. Here you will find all the basic system specs of your computer. If you have DirectX installed, then you can take advantage of the direct x diagnostics tool. To access direct x diagnostics tool you can just goto :

  • For Windows XP : start menu > run > type dxdiag > press enter.
  • For Windows 7 : start menu > type dxdiag > press enter

4) Device Manager and Drivers

The device manager simply displays a list of all the hardware devices which are connected to your computer. The list shows the installed devices as well as the devices which are pending to be installed. By installed i mean the presence of a particular driver to run that particular hardware device. A driver can be defined as a program which helps us to run our hardware device.

Device Manager helps us to troubleshoot the incompatible hardware devices. When a particular device is not working, then that specific device would be highlighted in the list of devices displayed in the device manager. Through device manager you can enable/disable a particular device, install drivers for the device, instruct the windows to ignore the devices which are malfunctioning, or view other technical properties.

Device Manager was first introduced with Windows 95 and later added to Windows 2000. While in Windows NT based versions the Device Manager is added as a Microsoft Management Console.

How to access device manager?

  • Right click on My Computer > Click Manage.

5) Add or Remove Programs

It is very important remove or uninstall the unnecessary programs from our computer. I have seen many computer users who are very lazy to remove the unused programs from their computer. But these unnecessary programs which remain installed on your computer are loaded in your windows registry. Hence occupying unnecessary space and also affecting your system start up.

To remove a certain program in XP :

  • Click Start, click Control Panel, and then double-click Add or Remove Programs.
  • Click the program that you want to remove, and then click Remove.
  • If you are prompted to confirm the removal of the program, click Yes.

To remove a certain program in Windows 7 :

  • Click Start, click default programs, click programs and features (in left panel)
  • Double click the program which you want to remove.

  • Note: Some programs might not prompt you to confirm the removal of the program.
  • Note: You can only remove the programs which were designed or written for the windows. If you do not see your program then please refer to the program documentation for the removal of your program.

I hope this post was helpful for you. And if you love my posts, please do subscribe to codefap’s blog feed.